Construction DepartmentThe construction department is responsible for building the actual structures that make up the set. Framing walls, doors, or constructing entire buildings.Construction Coordinator (Construction Manager)The construction coordinator oversees the entire construction department. They order all construction materials, schedule workers, and supervise the actual building of the sets.Head CarpenterThe foreman of the carpenters and laborers.CarpentersCarpenters are the expert wood workers on set. The build, install, and remove wooden structures. The not only construct the actual physical set, they also make any wooden props and furniture.Key ScenicThis artist is responsible for surface treatments. The key scenic can paint wood to give it an aged or distressed look. They also make props look more realistic, like painting foam to look like a rock or brick. They can also paint a window to look like stained glass.PainterA painter is responsible for the final appearance of a set. The are responsible for all surface preparation, priming, painting, and finishing. The can also apply special finishes, like marbling or graining to sets.PlastererThese artists apply plaster to walls, ceilings, and floors. They also create moulds for interior and exterior walls, or use fiberglass to create intricate panels – like a spaceship.SculptorSculptors typically create large set pieces like busts, statues, or elaborate miniatures. They use an array of materials, such as foam, clay, metal, and wood.Property DepartmentImage via New York TimesThe property department, or Props, is responsible for all practical movie props. These are not including in the set dressing or costume department, but rather used by an actor in a scene. This includes food, firearms, swords, or specific items like a proton pack or custom vehicle.Props MasterAs the chief of the property department, the props master is in charge of finding or making practical props. If the film is a period piece, they are responsible for making sure that the props are accurate to that era.Prop MakerThe artist or technician that creates custom props. This can includes creating any type of casings, or wiring electronics to make a functioning prop.Weapons Master (Armorer)Image via The SpecialistsThis prop manager is in charge of all firearms, swords, or other weapons. They are also trained and licensed to use the weapons, and will often collaborate with the stunt manager and actor to maintain set safety.Enjoying these breakdowns of the various film departments? Want more? Let us know in the comments below. The Art Department is often the largest film crew. Hundreds of employees make up several divisions, including Art, Sets, Construction, and Property. Let’s take a closer look.Cover image via Art of VFXThe art department is responsible for visual aspects of filmmaking. This includes everything on a set, as well as the set itself. The department is supervised by the Production Designer.Throughout filming, sets must evolve. Either they are adjusted, or new sets are constantly built. Many members of the art department are on standby, in case any changes must be made. The positions are incredibly creative and require immense amount of skill and attention to detail. Here is a breakdown of the art department and the duties of each member.Production DesignerThe term production designer was created by William Cameron Menzies. At the time, Menzies (featured below) was working as the art director on the set of Gone with the Wind. He coined the term due to the film’s massive scope. The production designer is responsible for the entire visual appearance of the film. To achieve the overall look, they will coordinate with the art department, costume department, makeup department, and more. Image: William Cameron Menzies via Ross WallaceThey not only work closely with the director to bring his vision to life, they also work with the producer to calculate the needed budget. The cost will depend on the type of film, whether the art department has to achieve a modern style set, a fantasy castle, or a sci-fi space ship.Depending on the production, a production designer may even be hired well before a director. They will look at scripts to estimate the cost needed to bring the story to life. Once a director is in place, they will collaborate on how to best shoot the film. They will either decide to build sets, use visual effects, or shoot on location. Once decided, the production designer will deliver sketches and outlines to the art director, who in turn delivers their work to the construction department. The final sets built by the construction department will then help set decorators and prop buyers determine their needs for the film. The Art DepartmentImage via DisneyThe overall art department includes a sub-department also called the art department. This department includes the preliminary designers who will plan the overall look of the film.Art DirectorThe art director reports directly to the production designer. They oversee the artists and designers who help create the overall look of the film. It is their job to supervise the planning and practical design of sets and set pieces. On large-budget projects, there may be multiple art directors. If so, the main position will be the Supervising Art Director of Senior Art Director. On smaller projects, the job of the production designer and art director are typically combined.The art director will analyze a script to make note of all necessary props and special set pieces that may require an extended time to design, build, or acquire. They will also oversee the creation of all necessary plans that will be given to the construction department.They are also responsible for the maintenance of sets, making sure any rebuilds or changes are made on schedule. The will manage the creation, dressing, and striking of all sets and locations.Assistant Art Director (First Assistant, Second, Third)Image: assistant art director Nilo Rodis-Jamero on the set of Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back via The Making of Star WarsThe assistant art directors are responsible for carrying out the art director’s plans, including measuring locations and other necessary information the production designer needs. They are also responsible for researching and making props, assisting with model making, and surveying sites. On larger productions, assistant art directors will manage the smaller locations or sets.Standby Art DirectorThis is an art director that monitors the art department during filming. If there isn’t a standby art director, the responsibilities fall to the props master and on-set dresser.They will watch the video playback monitor to make sure all set pieces appear as needed. They will coordinate with standby painters and standby carpenters if any last minute changes are needed on set during filming.Draughtsman (Set Designer)Image via The London Film SchoolDraughtsmen are responsible for the technical drawings of sets. Their drawings, computer models, and physical models will include all measurements and materials needed for construction. On many sets, a draughtsman in usually the first assistant art director.Concept Artist (Illustrator)A concept artist works on a specific set piece. This includes the design of creatures and monsters to the look of a space ship.Graphic ArtistThis position creates physical graphic elements for a set. A graphic artist will create newspapers, posters, fliers, contracts, logos, signs, etc. Storyboard ArtistImage: Joe Johnston‘s storyboard for Star Wars via Screen CrushThese artists will turn a screenplay into a set of detailed illustrations. Storyboard artists will create storyboards, which the production team uses to plan out every shot. These visualizations are often created well before shooting begins.The storyboard will show the entire film from the point of view of the camera. It will show camera angles, a character’s actions and position, as well as all other major elements needed for a shot. They will also list any necessary movements on screen, like a character jumping or an object falling.Model MakerWhen a draughtsman requires a specific model, it is the model maker’s job to draw and then construct the miniatures. They can use a range of materials to create the models, including clay, wood, metal, plaster, and plastic.Art Department CoordinatorWith the large amount of employees in this department, the art department coordinator is responsible for monitoring daily operations. They will work among the various departments to verify that all sets and props are ready on time. The will also manage the departments budget, and schedule the sets construction, dress, and strike.The art department coordinator will also create location notes. These detail everything from details of construction, needed set dressing, and props. They will use these notes to gain licenses and permission for location shoots, as well as verifying health a safety protocols are met.SetsSet Decorator (Stylists)The set decorator is responsible for decorating a film set. This includes furniture, drapes, fixtures, paintings, and overall decor. They are also responsible for dressing props, which includes everything from cars and animals to dishes and household items.Set decorators also work with product placement and acquiring approval to use copyrighted items. Prior to a shoot, they will photograph all items and assign them to each set. On set, they will manage the swing gang and place everything in the appropriate place. After the shoot, they will make sure the set is broken down and that everything is returned to the responsible rent house.LeadsmanThe leadsman or lead man is in charge of the set dressers. They direct the crew that places all the furniture, drapes, and dressing props on set.Set Dresser (Swing Gang)Image The Pirates! Band of Misfits via Sony PicturesSet dressers (also called the swing gang) place and remove all dressing props. They are responsible for practically everything on the set: furniture, rugs, drapes, lamps, decor, doorknobs, etc.Swing gang is most often used referring to the on-set dressers, those making any last minute changes prior to cameras rolling. Any parts of the set that are not permanent are referred to as the swing set. These are items that can be move around on set or easily removed if they don’t work for the overall look of the shot.BuyerThe buyer is the one responsible for purchasing or renting set dressing. They work with stores or rent houses to schedule deliveries and purchase any necessary dressing props.GreensmenImage Edward Scissorhands via 20th Century FoxA greensman is a set dresser that is specialized in landscape and plants – greens. This includes real and artificial plant life.
After 4 decades of vetting clinical trials of gene therapy for novel risks, it’s time to relax a bit, says a report issued today by an expert panel. But key government officials are greeting the recommendation with caution.Gene therapy has proved its value, and its leaders have managed ethics issues well, according to a panel convened by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) at the U.S. National Academies. The long-term hazards of gene therapy may not be clear yet, but the general risks seem no greater than in other areas of experimental medicine, the report says, so it’s time to phase out the U.S. outfit created in 1974 that’s dedicated to reviewing gene therapy, the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee, or RAC.“[M]any of the original fears associated with gene transfer”—such as worries about creating new pathogens, modifying the human germ line, or injuring society in other ways—“have not been borne out,” the IOM panel concludes. At the same time, it finds that “public perception has largely transitioned from negative to positive” thanks to gene therapy’s success in treating disorders such as inherited blindness and hemophilia. The panel urges the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which houses RAC and uses its advice, to stop having RAC examine individual gene therapy protocols.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The IOM report hedges this recommendation, however. While the old RAC should go out of business, the panel says, another RAC-like body should take its place, and with a broader mandate—to examine all forms of risky clinical research that other agencies may not be able to vet adequately. The IOM group also urges the U.S. government to keep RAC going until a successor is created. During the transition, the IOM report says, RAC reviews should be streamlined to make life easier for researchers, and individual protocols should be examined only “in exceptional circumstances, such as when novel gene therapy technologies and treatment strategies move forward into the realm of clinical trials.”Gene therapists have long complained about the burden of RAC reviews. Like other clinical researchers, they must get approval for trials from ethics and biosafety panels at their own institutions; they must also clear clinical trials in advance with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). But gene therapists have an extra duty other researchers do not have: They must file a detailed description of proposed experiments with RAC. Unlike FDA, RAC releases these proposals and may hold a public hearing on them before approving a trial. Last year, gene therapists’ main professional society issued a public appeal to end RAC’s duplicate review. NIH asked IOM to look into this matter, and the report issued today is the outcome of NIH’s request.The IOM panel’s chair, Lawrence Gostin, a public health and law professor at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., says that he was well aware of gene therapists’ unhappiness about multiple reviews. Their dismay “came through loud and clear,” during public comment sessions, Gostin says. The IOM panel report says that most gene therapy trials should now be reviewed only by FDA, but it also recommends that proposed gene therapy trials continue to be registered in an open docket. But researchers should be required to file only one protocol, the one prepared for FDA review. It seemed “prudent” to keep the tradition of open access to information in this field, Gostin says. RAC has served an “enormously useful purpose,” Gostin says, by reassuring the public about the safety of this new and once-worrisome field and by aggregating data everyone finds valuable, particularly clinicians.NIH Director Francis Collins, after being briefed on the IOM report, issued a noncommittal statement today thanking the panel for its work and saying that NIH “will be taking a close look at the study’s findings and recommendations and will determine the best path forward in light of our shared interest in doing what’s best for patients and for continued progress in the field.” The American Society of Gene & Cell Therapy, in an equally cautious statement, said today that it “looks forward” to Collins’s “review of and decisions based on the IOM’s findings.”
A yet-to-be-released Hindi film on the life of Maratha warrior Tanaji Malusre, a subedar in the army of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, has landed in controversy a day after the release of its trailer over allegations of factual errors and distortion of history.‘Tanhaji – The Unsung Warrior’ is a biopic on Malusre, and the battle between Maratha and Mughal armies where Malsure reclaimed Kondhana fort.NCP MLA Dr. Jitendra Awhad on Wednesday issued a warning highlighting certain scenes and alleged that director Om Raut has stretched it too far under the garb of cinematic liberty. The MLA said failing to correct the errors would lead to him “taking personal interest” in the film. “I would not mind if you consider this a threat,” he said.“The trailer shows a person throwing and hitting Shivaji Maharaj with a stick. Show us one page in the history books depicting this incident,” Dr. Awhad said.The MLA also objected to the dialogue featured in the trailer where a character is heard saying Chhatrapati Shivaji’s sword is meant to safeguard women’s ghoonghat (veil) and a Brahmin’s janeu (sacred thread).“The king never kept women in ghoonghat. He stopped his mother from commiting sati, while women used to attend his daily meetings. Shivaji Maharaj’s sword was not meant to save sacred threads of a particular community, but to safeguard the interests of each and every caste, creed and religion. This is an attempt to stereotype one of the most progressive kings in India,” said Dr. Awhad.Ajay Devgn Films, the production company, did not to reply to The Hindu’s queries on the controversy.
Batting at 4, Butlers unbeaten 66 from 37 ball had Batting at 4, Butlers unbeaten 66 from 37 ball had powered England to a winning 171/4 against Sri Lanka, while he finished their tricky 154 chase with an unbeaten 32 in 17 balls to send New Zealand packing in the semis. England will hope that Morgan, who has had two golden ducks, returns to form and the Windies will have similar expectations from Marlon Samuels who had hit a match-winning 78 in the 2012 final against Sri Lanka. As for big-hitting standards, the Windies will be second to none with the big-hitting and most-sought T20 cricketer Chris Gayle leading the charge. Against the same team, he had smacked an unbeaten 100 in their tournament opener, the ominous Gayle is sitting quiet for sometime and he would look for one final hurrah in what could be his final International appearance. In Charles, who set up their win against India with a 36 -ball 52, and Simmons, who arrived just in time for his unbeaten 82 from 51 balls, West Indies have a dangerous top- order. An equally devastating bottom half with Andre Russell, Dwayne Bravo and skipper Darren Sammy also holds promise of a run feast. With the teams matching each other on power-hitting, its the bowlers who are likely to make the difference on a pitch that has behaved slow and aided vicious turn on occasions. The surface may have some grass to aid the lateral movement and the English bowlers — with their seam quartet of David Willey, Chris Jordan, Liam Plunkett and Ben Stokes – — will fancy their chances. Their relatively expensive Windies counterparts — Andre Russell, Carlos Brathwaite, Dwayne Bravo and Sammy — will also hope for an improved show. As far as the spin battle is concerned, the West Indian duo of Samuel Badree and Sulieman Benn are expected to stay ahead of Moeen Ali and Adil Rashid, who did well to turn it around for England in the semifinal against New Zealand. Teams (from) England: Eoin Morgan (captain), Jason Roy, Alex Hales, Joe Root, Jos Buttler (wicketkeeper), Ben Stokes, Moeen Ali, Chris Jordan, David Willey, Adil Rashid, Liam Plunkett, Sam Billings, Liam Dawson, Reece Topley and James Vince. West Indies: Darren Sammy (captain), Johnson Charles, Chris Gayle, Marlon Samuels, Lendl Simmons, Andre Russell, Denesh Ramdin (wicketkeeper), Dwayne Bravo, Carlos Brathwaite, Samuel Badree, Sulieman Benn, Jason Holder, Jerome Taylor, Ashley Nurse and Evin Lewis. Match starts: 7pm IST. PTI TAP PM MRM MRMadvertisement
Sweden will be keen to come out of Zlatan Ibrahimovic shadows when they face South Korea in their FIFA World Cup 2018 group opener at the Nizhny Novgorod Stadium on Monday.Ibrahimovic continues to dominate conversations around the team even though he stopped playing for Sweden in April 2017. Ibrahimovic scored 62 goals in 116 appearances for the Scandinavian nation.He did not play in the qualifiers nor come out of retirement for the World Cup, yet Sweden are still looking to step out of the shadow of Ibrahimovic.The Sweden coach Janne Andersson has been keen to move the narrative on.FIFA WORLD CUP 2018 FULL COVERAGE”This is incredible! This player has stopped to play with Sweden one year and a half ago and we are still here talking about him,” Andersson said after Sweden upset Italy in November’s playoffs to return to the World Cup field for the first time since 2006.”Gosh, we need to talk about the great players we have in this team I believe.”But the likes of Emil Forsberg, John Guidetti and Ola Toivonen have lacked not only the bluster but also the form to move maverick Ibrahimovic from the spotlight, even though Sweden are now seen as a much more cohesive unit.It did not help, either, that Sweden failed to score in their last three warm-up internationals.World Cup 2018: How South Korea tricked a Swedish ‘spy’ in AustriaTheir patchy form is matched by opponents, South Korea, also far-from-inspiring in the build-up to the tournament.South Korea, however, will be relying on their sole world class talent, Son Heung-min, to inspire them on the pitch as both teams try to shake off poor form in their opening Group F game.advertisementBack for their ninth successive finals, South Korea will be looking to forward Son to take the leading role after scoring 18 goals in all competitions for Tottenham Hotspur last season.”I feel great when people say good things about me but what’s important is that I have to show it on the pitch. I know lots of people’s expectations are on me, so I also feel a responsibility,” he told reporters this week.2018 FIFA WORLD CUP: FULL FIXTURESSouth Korea will be keen to avoid any repetition of the fury that greeted their return home from the last finals in Brazil.Just a single point from their three group matches led to the squad being pelted with toffees – a play on the expression “go eat toffee” which is an insult in Korea.(With inputs from Reuters)
Game: Texas Tech (2-1) vs. Oklahoma State (2-1)Locale: Boone Pickens Stadium, Stillwater, OKTV: ESPN 6:30 CSTWhere we’re going, we don’t need bros.Consider that an alternate title to this article. Feel free to steal that in a year or two, sports columnists of Lubbock.Ahh, Texas Tech. The Big 12 leaders of unintentional comedy. Of course, Kyle will edit out any mention of my favorite aspect of Red Raider hilarity, but there are plenty more to share.Let’s start with this image.Just take a moment to revel in its glory. I seriously considered just pasting that into an email, labeling it ‘Texas Tech Preview” and sending it to Kyle because there’s no way I’ll be able to top it with words.Let’s move on to this classic video.It’s juvenile, sophomoric and will always be funny. Seriously, if you don’t think that video is funny, let me save you some time by asking you to stop reading this article. I’m not going to give you anything more high brow than that.Of course we can’t forget Michael “I dreamed it in my head” Crabtree.Lisa Salters wasn’t hearing your nonsense about foreseeing your game winning catch against Texas, but I’d sure like to know how many nightmares you have had about dropping a potential game-winner in Stillwater.Finally, there’s this unbelievably entertaining email sent from a Texas Tech alum to the deputy athletics director. It includes the suggestion that Kliffy needs to be branded with the nickname “Swagger,” that he needs to be seen at Fashion Week in New York and that he needs the same stylist as Adam Lambert.I’m sure recruits would be wowed by a coach that dresses like a person they’ve never heard of, goes to an event they don’t care about and uses a nickname that’s a term they stopped using in the 9th grade.‘Come join the cool kids’ sounds like the recruiting pitch of a high school abstinence group. And we know that doesn’t accurately describe the citizens of Lubbock don’t we, Kyle? (*wink)I do have to commend Coach Swagger Bling McCoolGuy for seemingly scrubbing the internet of pictures of him from his playing days. You know, back when he was not so pretty.That’s the Kliff I remember. Less Ryan Gosling and more Cleetus the slack-jawed yokel.Red Raiders To Know QB1. I could tell you his name is Davis Webb and he’s a sophomore out of Prosper, TX, but to Kliff, he’s just the guy who is getting run off next semester. Eventually Johnny Football 2.0 will come swaggin’ through that door and until then, Kingsbury refuses to get attached.Jakeem Grant, junior WR. This jitterbugging mighty mite is majoring in Human Science, which seems fitting as it’s the only way he’ll ever be able to discover how he does some of the things he does on the field.He’s currently Tech’s leading receiver in both receptions and yards and is still somehow criminally under-utilized. He can also fit in your pocket.Defensive Players. Haha, just kidding. Texas Tech doesn’t field a defense. They just send some guys out to quietly ask the opposing offense to stop running past them.They’ve played three games this season. How many tackles for loss have they racked up? Eight. OK, how many sacks? Three. Yikes. Well, how many interceptions? Hahaha don’t be ridiculous.Why Texas Tech might winDespite the fact that the players to know section was offensively devoid of meaningful content, the Red Raiders are capable of winning games. Sure, they were forced to survive an opening weekend test from Central Arkansas (stifles laughter), then survived again at UTEP (snickers) before doing the opposite of surviving at the hands of Arkansas (busts out laughing).But, they are more than capable on offense, which means they always have a chance, even if they dig an early hole.While the OSU defense has looked strong overall, the secondary has certainly shown some weaknesses, especially when it comes to big pass plays.Tech definitely has the personnel and the schemes to exploit those weaknesses. They aren’t going to win in a low scoring, defensive struggle. But, they have the firepower to hang around with a team with what is still an unknown at QB.Why OSU might winTo put it simply, I’d imagine most folks that follow this program believe it’s considerably better than Central Arkansas, UTEP and Regular Arkansas. Against those three giants, the Raiders put up a cumulative score of 100 to 110.The Tech struggles against the run are well documented, but they haven’t been good against the pass either. Well, I guess it depends on how lenient you want to be.Against Arkansas, they were fantastic against the pass, but their defense relied on being so bad at stopping the ground game that it made no sense to go to the air. That’s probably not a sound tactic long-term. Or any term.The Cowboys haven’t impressed anyone with their ground attack and the offense as a whole has been shaky at times, but there’s still likely enough talent hanging around to find the end zone plenty of times.Matching up with what is probably the softest defense in the conference might be just what’s needed to get Daxx and the rest of the offense humming.This game could give the Cowboys…dare I say…SWAGGER.Totally Tickets is your source for Oklahoma State football tickets. If you’re looking for the comments section, it has moved to our forum, The Chamber. You can go there to comment and holler about these articles, specifically in these threads. You can register for a free account right here and will need one to comment.If you’re wondering why we decided to do this, we wrote about that here. Thank you and cheers!
zoom Finnish technology group Wärtsilä is implementing a digital transformation to become “a data led, insights driven, and agile technology company” in an effort to take a leadership role in the smart marine and smart energy ecosystems throughout their entire lifecycle.According to the company, the aim is to increase efficiency while enabling a zero emissions society.Wärtsilä said it has taken several actions to speed up the developments achieved during the last decade, with the focus being on future technology, notably the use of artificial intelligence, data analytics, open platforms, block chain and cyber security, as well as on creating new business models.“Digital disruption is already affecting the energy and marine sectors and will do so increasingly in the future. We are building on decades of expertise in digital development and accelerating the pace at which we build new digital solutions, services and opportunities for our customers,” Marco Ryan, Wärtsilä’s Chief Digital Officer (CDO) and Executive Vice-President, commented.“Wärtsilä’s recent acquisitions of Eniram and Greensmith demonstrate Wärtsilä’s ambitions and active role in helping its customers to benefit from smart technology initiatives,” Ryan added.To accelerate this digital transformation, Wärtsilä has recruited a digital leadership team and established a new digital organisation with more than 400 existing Wärtsilä employees.With an aim to develop digital services and products in a more agile way, Wärtsilä plans to launch digital acceleration centers globally in which it would take “promising” ideas and transform them into service concepts and products.
On behalf of the Government and people of the People’s Republic of China, the Chinese leaders extended sympathy and condolences to the Leaders, Government and people of Sri Lanka. The Chinese Government will give full support to the disaster relief operations of the Sri Lankan Government. The Chinese Government announced it will donate emergency humanitarian disaster relief goods worth a total amount of RMB 15 million (about 2.2 million US dollars) to the Sri Lankan people who were affected by floods and landslides.Chinese President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang sent condolence messages to President Maithripala Sirisena and Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe respectively on the tragic loss of life and property following the heavy rains that led to severe floods and landslides recently. Meanwhile, the Red Cross Society of China also granted US $ 100,000 emergency humanitarian cash assistance to the Sri Lanka Red Cross Society for their disaster relief efforts.Chinese enterprises and overseas Chinese in Sri Lanka will also try their best to help the disaster affected people through donation and other ways. (Colombo Gazette) “We believed that under the leadership of the Sri Lankan Government, Sri Lankan people will surely conquer the disaster and rebuild the homes at the earliest date possible,” the Chinese Embassy in Colombo said.The relief goods from China, which will be sent to Colombo by a Chartered flight soon, includes tents, blankets, sheets, rain boots and life jackets urgently needed by Sri Lanka.
In a message to the Afghan people, read out on local television and radio by his Special Representative, Jean Arnault, Mr. Annan said they had shown a welcome determination “to take charge of the affairs of their country.”Apart from the millions of Afghans who voted in their homeland, about 850,000 refugees living in neighbouring Pakistan and Iran also voted – the largest out-of-country election ever, the Secretary-General said.”Your impressive participation against the backdrop of threats of violence by extremists; your long walks to go to the polling stations, sometimes in bad weather; your enthusiasm in casting your ballot for the first time in your life, are a heart-warming demonstration that, nearly three years after the signing of the Bonn Agreement, democracy is firmly taking root in Afghanistan,” he said. The Joint Electoral Management Body (JEMB), the UN-Afghan body charged with overseeing the country’s electoral process, has set up an independent probe to investigate reports of polling irregularities and difficulties on Saturday.Mr. Annan told Afghans that the alleged irregularities “will be fully clarified” by the inquiry and added it “will help make electoral procedures more robust and reliable” for the local and parliamentary polls next year.The Secretary-General praised Afghanistan’s security forces for helping to pre-empt or repel attacks by extremist groups trying to derail the election process, and the supportive role played by international security forces. He also thanked the 120,000 people who served as polling staff on Saturday.Meanwhile, engine problems forced a UN helicopter to make an emergency landing today near the village of Patukh in Badakhshan province, close to the border between Afghanistan and China.The three crew members and five passengers on the helicopter are reportedly uninjured, UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric told reporters, but cannot be rescued tonight because of the inhospitable terrain and bad weather conditions in the area.Warm clothes, food and shelter materials have been dropped by air to the eight crew and passengers for use until rescuers arrive as scheduled tomorrow.
More than eight million people in Ethiopia need food, shelter, medicine or other emergency assistance.“Drought and flooding, disease outbreaks and inter-ethnic violence” have in recent years “forced millions of people to flee their homes”, said Mark Lowcock, who heads Humanitarian Affairs coordination office OCHA, at the end of a two-day mission to Ethiopia. He was accompanied by senior UN peacebuilding official, Oscar Fernandez-Taranco, and Cecilia Jimenez-Damary, independent UN expert on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons.Today I met Yeshi, a survivor, a widow, and a mom of 9 children she is now raising on her own. Her family was displaced from West Guji last year. They found refuge in a coffee market building for now. She wants a peaceful, better life. #Ethiopia pic.twitter.com/4mGPzy1wFT— Mark Lowcock (@UNReliefChief) September 9, 2019 The delegation met with recently returned families and other conflict-affected people in Chitu Kebele in the Yirgachefe district in Gedeo, which is one of the zones most affected by intercommunal violence that has caused displacement and loss of livelihoods since 2018. “I support the Government’s desire to find durable solutions to displacement problems and am under no illusion as to how difficult that is”, attested Mr. Lowcock. “While many people have now been able to return to their home areas, some remain in limbo, living close to their destroyed or damaged homes and worried they will not have the opportunity to restart farming and other livelihoods they lost when they fled last year”. And while the Government is trying to deal with the situation, he maintained that “many people in host communities are displaying enormous generosity and humanitarian agencies are supporting them, but more international support is needed too.”Humanitarian organizations are working with the local authorities and development partners to ensure internally displaced people have access to emergency assistance and basic services. During the mission, the UN officials reaffirmed their commitment to the Government in helping the voluntary and safe return of all displaced people, or that they be integrated into new settlement areas. Prior to the Government’s efforts to return people to their areas of origin, some 3.2 million internally displaced remain in Ethiopia, including 2.6 million who fled conflict and 500,000 who were displaced because of climate-related causes. ‘Break the cycle’ of crisesThe 2019 Ethiopia Humanitarian Response Plan, which requires $1.3 billion, is only 51 per cent funded and more is urgently required for nutrition, health, shelter, protection, education and other needs. While aid is a critical lifeline for millions of Ethiopians, most humanitarian needs there are recurrent and predictable, requiring long-term solutions build resilience. During the mission, the delegation discussed with the authorities and partners how to better support humanitarian and recovery programmes to bolster the Government’s efforts. They also discussed ways to reduce conflict, which require holistic and inclusive peacebuilding approaches to address the root causes of violence.“Donors have historically been extremely generous to Ethiopia during its worst crises”, Mr. Lowcock acknowledged. “Now, we hope they will also invest more in prevention and long-term recovery efforts so that we can build resilience and break the cycle of recurrent crises – in Ethiopia the next emergency may be only one failed rainy season away”.The humanitarian chief also expressed concern over the safety of aid workers following the murder of two staff of a highly respected international non-governmental organization in Gambella last week. “We condemn this terrible attack and are discussing the implications with all concerned,” he flagged.
“We want an end to this, we want to grieve. Our patience has been exhausted and our trust failed.” Mr Anwar listed six allegations in the civil action including a claim that the manner of restraint used by the officers was “not reasonable, proportionate or necessary and resulted in Sheku suffering positional asphyxiation”. He said the civil action would be paused if any charges were brought over the death.Mr Anwar said: “Sheku’s family have always said if he broke the law then arrest him, but any use of force had to be lawful, proportionate and necessary in the circumstances, but he did not deserve to die.”Last Friday a summons was served on the present chief constable for the actions of officers three years ago under the leadership of then chief constable Stephen House. The action for damages in the Court of Session is for £1.85 million in the name of his family.”He also called for the resignation of the Pirc commissioner Kate Frame, saying the watchdog had failed “to adhere to its values of integrity, impartiality and respect”. Collette Bell, Mr Bayoh’s partner, with solicitor Aamer AnwarCredit:PA “The family believe it would be very different if it had been members of the public involved. If it had been nine door stewards that had restrained a member of the public, used weapons and that individual dropped down dead, I suspect the Crown Office would not have taken three years to decide if it would end up in a court of law or not.”The Crown Office said it had been a “complex and challenging investigation”, and no timescale could be put in place for a ruling on potential charges.A spokesman said: “This has been a complex and challenging investigation and while there is still some further work to do, considerable progress has been made in the last few months.”It is not appropriate at this stage to commit to any timescales given the nature of the investigation, however it’s anticipated a full report will be submitted for the consideration of Crown Counsel, the most senior lawyers in the Crown Office, in due course.”A spokesman for the Pirc said that at all stages the commissioner had acted under the direction of the Lord Advocate, who has ultimate responsibility for the investigation of deaths in Scotland.He added: “The Pirc conducted an extensive and detailed investigation into Mr Bayoh’s death. More than 500 statements were obtained by Pirc investigators who also gathered evidence from a wide range of experts, including those suggested by the Bayoh family and their legal representatives to give a greater understanding of events leading to Mr Bayoh’s death. Collette Bell and Kadi Johnson arriving at a press conference with Aamer AnwarCredit:PA He added: “I wish to state on behalf of Sheku’s family that the investigation into the death of Sheku Bayoh was a national disgrace.”The passage of time means that memories fade and evidence disappears or deteriorates.”The family had hoped that by now the Lord Advocate would have made a decision whether he is going to criminally prosecute the police officers concerned or Police Scotland. Three years on and he still hasn’t made his mind up. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. “The commissioner submitted a report to the Lord Advocate in August 2015. A further report containing evidence gathered from a number of expert witnesses was submitted in August 2016 and the Pirc has undertaken any additional enquiry requested by the Crown.” An investigation into the death of a man in police custody has been described as a “national disgrace” as his family launched a £1.8 million civil case against Police Scotland.Sheku Bayoh, 31, died after being restrained by officers responding to a call in Kirkcaldy in May, 2015.On the eve of the third anniversary of the incident, the family’s lawyer Aamer Anwar said Police Scotland, the Crown Office and the Police Investigations and Review Commissioner (Pirc) had left the grieving family with no answers.Mr Bayoh’s relatives, including his partner Collette Bell and his sister Kadi Johnson, are suing Scotland’s most senior police officer in the first legal case of its kind, claiming the death could have been avoided.Ms Bell said: “We will fight to make sure Shek gets the justice he deserves. I ask you, how long would you fight if your loved one was unlawfully killed? What would you want in place to ensure your loved one had justice? You would continue to fight and campaign.”Mr Bayoh’s sister added: “We have kept an open mind and kept faith in the justice system, but waiting for three years with no answers has been soul destroying.
The research also found that as young people get older they are less likely to have sexual partners, with more than 90% of those who had lost their virginity having done so before 19-years-old. “The women are always up for it with beautiful hard bodies and the men have permanent erections. That is daunting to young people.”The fear for young men is of being humiliated that they can’t live up to that, plus the fear of exposure in your Facebook group.”If those who refused to answer the question were also virgins, the figure rises to one in six , according to Steve McKay, professor in social research at Lincoln University. The ‘fear of exposure’ on social media has been suggested as a possible reason why young people are waiting longer to have sexCredit:Dominic Lipinksi/PA The Next Steps project began in 2004 and monitored pupils attending state and independent schools across England. The UCL Institute of Education, part of University College London, took over the study in 2013. Millennials are waiting longer to have sex, with one in eight still virgins at 26 years old, new research has found.The sharp rise in the number of young people waiting longer to have sex may be because of a “fear of intimacy” and the pressure of social media, according to analysts.The Next Steps project, the brainchild of the Department for Education which is now managed by University College London, has tracked 16,000 people born in 1989-90 since they were 14.The interviews, conducted in 2016, discovered a rise in the number of Millenials waiting longer to have sex compared to previous generations, where one in 20 reported still being virgins at around the same age.Susanna Abse, a psychoanalytic psychotherapist at the Balint Consultancy, told the Sunday Times: “Millenials have been brought up in a culture of hypersexuality which has bred a fear of intimacy. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.
Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedFour sentenced to death in brutal rape case in IndiaSeptember 13, 2013In “World”Indonesian teenager raped by brother jailed for abortionJuly 23, 2018In “latest news”Man found guilty of raping a child gets two life sentencesMarch 28, 2018In “Court” New Delhi (CNN) A fast-track court in India has sentenced two men to life in prison for the rape and impregnation of their 10-year old niece, in the northern city of Chandigarh, police confirmed Thursday. The victim gave birth to a baby girl via caesarian section in August.The brothers, 38 and 44, who cannot be named for legal reasons, were also fined 305,000 rupees each ($4,800) according to Senior Superintendent of Chandigarh police, Nilambari Jagadale.The family of the victim greeted the news with a mix of relief and disappointment, having called on the judge to deliver death sentences.“The father was of the view that this was the worst kind of crime that can be committed with a small child and the rapists must be hanged,” said Alakh Alok Srivastava, the lawyer who represented the victim’s family.With the court cases complete, both the victim and her family are now attempting to return to normalcy, Srivastava said. The victim’s baby was placed in the care of Chandigarh’s child welfare committee immediately after birth, confirmed Srivastava.Parole or a reduction in the sentencing of the two brothers is unlikely, said Srivastava.Police initially arrested only one maternal uncle. The search for a second suspect was initiated only after forensic tests failed to show a match between the DNA of the girl’s baby and samples taken from the first uncle.“We got the baby’s DNA tested by our forensic department, and it matched the (sample taken from the) second uncle,” Jagadale told CNN in October.The second, younger uncle was arrested September 19 after the girl named him during a counseling session.Denied an abortionThe girl, who gave birth on August 18 at the Government Medical College and Hospital in Chandigarh, had the baby only after India’s Supreme Court rejected the family’s plea for an abortion in July, based on the opinions of eight doctors and an examination of the girl.The girl was 35 weeks’ pregnant, according to the Hindustan Times.Under India’s Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, the country does not permit abortion beyond the first 20 weeks of pregnancy unless the individual is granted special permission from the courts.The girl’s family did not approach the authorities about the pregnancy until the 26th or 27th week, Srivastava told CNN during a previous interview.The girl’s doctor told CNN that she was unaware she was pregnant. Her parents told her she needed surgery for a kidney stone problem, and refused to allow medical professionals to tell their child the truth, said her doctor, who did not wish to be named.Grim recordThe harrowing story has garnered press attention across India, a country still grappling with issues of sexual assault following the 2012 Nirbhaya gang rape — a particularly brutal case that resulted in protests and a renewed debate around the status of women in the nation.Despite attempts by the government to increase penalties for sexual assault, the number of reported rapes rose by 50% between 2011 and 2016.India has a grim record of sexual assaults on minors, with 20,000 cases of rape or sexual assaults reported in 2015, according to government data reported by Agence France-Presse.In May, the high court allowed a 10-year-old from the northern state of Haryana who had been raped to abort her fetus at nearly 21 weeks into the pregnancy.CNN’s Sugam Pokharel contributed to this report.
En matière d’océans aussi, Rio+20 a déçuSi la cause des océans a été évoquée au cours du Sommet Rio+20, de nombreuses ONG et des scientifiques se disent déçus de la “faiblesse” des intentions et d’une feuille de route “pas claire”.Le texte qu’ont signé les 193 Etats membres présents à Rio+20 “s’engage à s’occuper en urgence” (soit avant 2014) “du problème de la préservation et de l’usage durable de la diversité biologique marine dans les zones au-delà de la juridiction nationale”. C’est ainsi “un pas positif” pour Oceana, l’organisation internationale centrée sur la préservation des Océans, mais cela reste encore insuffisant. L’ONG estime en effet qu’il s’agit d'”une déclaration d’intention faible, sans aucun engagement légalement contraignant, qui échoue à répondre aux besoins urgents de préservation et de gestion des océans”.À lire aussiMaladie de Charcot : symptômes, causes, traitement, où en est on ?Pourtant, le document engage également les pays à “intensifier les efforts” pour atteindre l’objectif de 2015 visant à “maintenir ou restaurer les stocks de poisson à des niveaux de production durable maximum” ainsi qu’à réduire de façon significative la quantité de déchets en mer (d’ici 2025). Cependant, selon Ricardo Aguilar, directeur des recherches d’Oceana Europe, “aucun progrès réel n’a été fait pour créer des zones maritimes protégées ou pour contrôler la pêche illégale, et les mesures proposées pour reconstituer les réserves halieutiques sont celles sur lesquelles on s’était accordé il y a dix ans” déjà.L’alliance d’organisations dédiée à la réforme de la politique européenne de la pêche Ocean2012 se félicite de son côté de la décision évoquée dans le texte d’éliminer les subventions entraînant la surpêche. De même, elle se réjouit de la volonté de procéder à la création d’aires marines protégées. Elle regrette en revanche “le report à 2015 de la réflexion sur l’opportunité de mettre en place une vraie réglementation spécifique pour la haute mer”.Un bilan “pas très glorieux” Du côté des scientifiques, Gilles Boeuf, président du Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, juge le bilan du sommet globalement “pas très glorieux” et estime que le soi-disant “engagement” pour les océans constitue en réalité “un recul”. Il indique en effet, que Rio+20 “s’est contenté de renvoyer la question à un groupe de travail existant”. Il ajoute tristement que “l’avancée principale est l’introduction d’une échéance pour 2014 [et que] la biodiversité marine a beaucoup de soucis à se faire si elle veut tenir jusque-là”.Le 27 juin 2012 à 16:06 • Maxime Lambert
When the tsunami hit the northern coast of Japan last year, the waves ripped four dock floats the size of freight train boxcars from their pilings in the fishing port of Misawa and turned them over to the whims of wind and currents.One floated up on a nearby island. Two have not been seen again. But one made an incredible journey across 5,000 miles of ocean that ended this week on a popular Oregon beach.Along for the ride were hundreds of millions of individual organisms, including a tiny species of crab, a species of algae, and a little starfish all native to Japan that have scientists concerned if they get a chance to spread out on the West Coast.“This is a very clear threat,” said John Chapman, a research scientist at Oregon State University’s Hatfield Marine Science Center in Newport, Ore., where the dock washed up early Tuesday. “It’s incredibly difficult to predict what will happen next.”State officials were considering plans to scrape all the living organisms off the dock and bury them in the sand, so they would not spread, Chapman said.
At its meeting last Monday, the Fairbanks City Council voted to challenge a recent ruling by the Alaska Labor Relations Agency. The agency says the city inappropriately reversed its approval of labor contract.Download AudioThe Fairbanks City Council originally ratified a contract with the Public Safety Employees Association. Then later suspended its rules to reject the contract. The Alaska Labor Relations Agency said that was unfair labor practice.City Attorney Paul Ewers filed an appeal in superior court two weeks ago.Last night the council said told Ewers to proceed with the appeal. The council clearly felt the contract’s 10 percent pay hike and cut in hours was too pricey. Councilman and former city mayor Jerry Cleworth also warned there are hidden costs associated with the contract, costs the General Fund couldn’t support.“If we start relying on those funds to fund day-to-day costs of the city, then we’re going to start spiraling down very rapidly because those funds will be exhausted.”Mayor Eberhart told the council going to court would hike the costs further if the city lost. He says the litigation further degrades morale in the ranks of city police.“We’ve got to make this an attractive department to get people to come to work here, because they’re leaving. If they’re demoralized they don’t like the way they’ve been treated.”But his arguments didn’t prevail, the council not only unanimously voted to go to court.In other business, after a flurry of budget cuts, the council did vote for next year’s operating and capital budgets. Also, Mayor Eberhart says he’s considering a review of police procedures in the case of the so-called Fairbanks Four.
Monsoon not only brings smile on everyone’s face but also the complexities related to hair so make sure to opt for right steps to have frizz-free and smooth tresses. Experts have listed down some steps to keep your tresses flowing:Antibacterial neem oil maybe mixed in equal parts with hydrating oils like Almond or Coconut to prevent dehydration induced frizz, breakage and split ends. Neem oil is cooling and clears out accumulated sweat and oil which cause dandruff and itching. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfOiling your hair once or twice a week in the monsoon season is enough.Wavy or curly hair is more prone to frizz, so it is important to use a hydrating shampoo and conditioner. Preferably natural, so that the chemicals do not dry out the ends of your hair.Using sulphate-free shampoos is particularly important for already damaged or over treated hair.Use styling tools and dryers to manage your hair in moderation to prevent static electricity and damage by excessive heat. It would be more beneficial in the long run if you give your hair a hot towel treatment during the oiling ritual. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveHumid conditions encourage the growth of bacteria and fungi on the scalp, triggering and aggravating scalp concerns such as itchiness, flakiness, excess oiliness and even hair loss. Frequent shampooing with a scalp specific shampoo helps maintain a clean scalp and keeps the micro-organisms at bay. Use a dryer at home to keep the scalp dry. In-salon scalp Rituals, once in 15 days is recommended in case of aggravated scalp concerns. One should use scalp cures at home in cases of intense scalp concerns – this brings relief and cures scalp symptoms. In case of a scalp concern, it is recommended you wash your hair daily, otherwise thrice a week is a good habit.Anti-frizz masques/ conditioners help to control frizz and keep the hair manageable. The use of anti-frizz creams, serums and sprays prolong the anti-frizz action.One must use scalp concern specific shampoos and masques or anti-frizz/disciplining ranges in case of frizz.In order to prevent hair fall, one must maintain a clean and dry scalp. Wash your hair in case it gets wet in the rain. Use a scalp specific shampoo and masque to ensure a healthy scalp.It is important to oil your scalp and hair to balance frequent washing and to maintain the moisture in your hair.Colour protecting masques give the hair maximum radiance. One can blend an oil into the masque to enhance the shine. For glossy hair, it is recommended to use a serum/oil.
Private Internet Access releases software as open source by Martin Brinkmann on March 16, 2018 in Internet – 25 commentsPrivate Internet Access, a company best known for its VPN Service of the same name, announced today that it started the process of releasing all of its software as open source.The company plans to release all of its client-side programs, extensions and libraries as open source over the course of the next six month period.Today marks the start of an exciting shift over here at Private Internet Access. As long-time supporters of the Free and Open Source Software community, we have started the process of open sourcing our software, and over the next six months we will be releasing the source code for all our client-side applications, as well as libraries and extensions.The Private Internet Access extension for the Chrome web browser is the first software product that is released as open source on the company’s GitHub project page.Interested users can check out the Chrome extensions on its GitHub page directly. Private Internet Access offers build instructions on the startpage of the repository, and anyone may browse the code or download it to the local system.Private Internet Access maintains clients for the desktop operating systems Windows, GNU/Linux and Mac OS, as well as Android and iOS. The clients will all be released as open source in the coming months.The release of the source code for its client products marks a shift towards openness. Privacy-conscious customers may trust products more if they are available as source code.Private Internet Access hopes that the release will increase community involvement.We believe that the shift to open source is the right move for a privacy-focused business, and recognise that code transparency is key. We appreciate that our code may not be perfect, and we hope that the wider FOSS community will get involved, provide feedback, feature requests, bug fixes and generally help provide a greater service to the wider privacy movementClosing WordsThe source code release should give Private Internet Access another boost when it comes to user trust and confidence in the services the company offers.While some critics may argue that the company should release the source of its backend infrastructure as well for full transparency, it is certainly an important first step in the right direction.Related articlesPrivate Internet Access rubyw.exe connections explainedAll Private Internet Access settings explainedPrivate Internet Access shuts down Russian serversSummaryArticle NamePrivate Internet Access releases software as open sourceDescriptionPrivate Internet Access, a company best known for its VPN Service of the same name, announced today that it started the process of releasing all of its software as open source.Author Martin BrinkmannPublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisement
Sponsored Content | Case Study | Radiation Dose Management | August 13, 2019 The Challenge of Pediatric Radiation Dose Management Radiation dose management is central to child patient safety. Medical imaging plays an increasing role in the accurate… read more Video Player is loading.GE Cardiographe cardiac CT scanner at SCCT19Play VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:38Loaded: 26.15%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:38 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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Videos | Radiation Therapy | July 30, 2019 VIDEO: Use of Radiotherapy to Noninvasively Ablate Ventricular Tachycardia Pierre Qian, MBBS, read more Video Player is loading.Mahadevappa Mahesh discusses trends in medical physics at the 2019 AAPM meetingPlay VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 4:01Loaded: 4.04%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -4:01 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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Videos | Cardiac Imaging | July 30, 2019 VIDEOS | EP LAB | JULY 26, 2019 VIDEO: What Electrophysiologists Need From CT Imaging Prior to AF and VT Ablations Mark Ibrahim, M.D., F read more Videos | Computed Tomography (CT) | July 30, 2019 VIDEO: New Advances in CT Imaging Technology Cynthia McColl… read more Videos | Cardiac Imaging | July 30, 2019 VIDEO: The History of CT Calcium Scoring Arthur Agatston, M.D., clinical pro read more Videos | AAPM | July 29, 2019 VIDEO: Trends in Medical Physics at the AAPM 2019 meeting … read more (More recent articles and videos on trends, advances and innovations in computed tomography systems can be found at the bottom of this article)Four major computed tomography (CT) system manufacturers in the United States recently released new systems in the past year featuring innovative scanner technology to reduce radiation dose, boost image quality and to be mindful of the current conservative economic climate in healthcare. GE, Siemens, Philips and Toshiba all released their next generation CT systems, each offering significant advances over technology these vendors previously offered. GE HealthcareIn April, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted market clearance for the GE Healthcare Revolution. GE said the Revolution platform is not just an upgraded CT system — every component was entirely redesigned from the ground up using the latest technologies to increase speed, improve image quality and reduce dose. It offers 256 detector rows and features an 80 cm bore and a gantry rotation speed of 0.28 seconds. It can perform a cardiac CT angiography (CTA) scan in less than a second with less than 1 mSv dose. The Revolution CT features GE’s new ASiR-V dose reduction technology, which is a hybrid of GE’s ASiR iterative reconstruction software and its model base reconstruction software, Veo. It can reduce metal artifacts, offering the potential for sedation-free CT scanning. The system also offers benefits for sensitive patient groups such as pediatric, renal insufficiency, trauma and stroke. The very fast temporal resolution enables one-beat, motion-free, high-definition cardiac imaging at any heart rate with or without beta-blockers. It also delivers the clinical information needed for the coronaries, myocardial perfusion and function with one contrast injection.In oncology, the Revolution enables low-dose, whole organ diagnosis, and follow-up of organs such as the liver, kidneys and pancreas are enabled by dynamic acquisition modes. In neurology it can aid with rapid, comprehensive stroke assessment with whole brain perfusion and dynamic CT angiography at very low dose. Its Gemstone Clarity Detector uses micro-circuitry to reduce electronic noise on images. It also uses 3-D collimation to reduce X-ray scatter.The Revolution also contains technology to allow spectral imaging in the future, once it attains 510(k) approval. This is enabled via a very fast kV switching system, changing the scanning energy level back and forth between 40-140 kV during the scan using the same detector and X-ray tube.Siemens HealthcareThe Siemens Somatom Force was FDA cleared in May. It is the company’s next generation in dual-source CT systems, replacing the current Definition Flash as its top tier CT system. It uses two X-ray sources and detectors at variable energies, allowing spectral imaging. It has a gantry speed of 0.25 ms. This enables imaging of an adult chest in about a second, eliminating the need for breath hold, and freezes a human heart pumping at 90 beats per second by merging the two imaging chains to create a 50 cm (nearly 19.7-inch) field of view. Alternatively the two imaging chains, like those on the Flash, can be tuned to separate energies and allow spectral imaging to differentiate among tissues or materials, as in visualizing iodinated contrast as it flows through the coronaries or accumulates in varying amounts in benign versus malignant masses. The Somatom Force also has the potential to allow use of significantly less iodine contrast than in the past and can perform chest scans without the need for breath holds. The two X-ray generators on Siemens’ Somatom Force can be pumped at low voltage (as low as 70 kVp) to deliver low-dose scans. Dose can be reduced further using the company’s SAFIRE software. Usage of different energy levels (kilovoltage or kV) can enhance the contrast-to-noise ratio and lower patient radiation dose. Lowering kV levels also can potentially increase enhancement of contrast medium, so less contrast is needed. This practice had limitations because earlier generations of CT scanners could not sufficiently power imaging at very low kV levels except when imaging children or very small adults. However, the Somatom Force allows low, previously unachievable kV imaging results that are enabled by the system’s new Vectron X-ray tubes. These tubes offer 1,300 mA to enable imaging between 70 and 150 kVThe system uses Siemen’s Edge detector technology, which was the first on the market to use integrated microelectronic circuitry, helping to reduce noise on images. Philips HealthcareUnveiled at RSNA 2013 and 510(k)-pending, the Philips IQon Spectral CT technology attempts such differentiation using a single imaging chain to capture X-rays at different wavelengths. In the same way that white light is made up of a spectrum of colors that relate to chemical elements, the X-ray beam photons used in CT scanners also consist of a spectrum of X-ray energies. With the development of a new yttrium-based spectral detector that can discriminate between X-ray photons of multiple high and low energies simultaneously, IQon can deliver both anatomical information and the ability to characterize structures based on their chemical makeup within a single scan. Using a type of spectral analysis, the system can separate out materials made up of specific atomic numbers off the periodic chart of elements. The system so far has been tested for iodine and calcium. This can be used to help differentiate between areas of high blood contrast uptake and calcified areas, which can be useful in diagnosing kidney stones and better delineating various types of atherosclerotic plaque in arteries. Elements can be assigned specific color codes to make them stand out on scans, even if the surrounding tissue has similar Hounsfield unit numbers. The technology also enables creation of virtual non-contrast images from contrast-enhanced scans by eliminating the iodine from scan data. The spectral imaging features are still pending 510(k) approval, but the vendor hopes the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will review the technology in 2014 or early 2015.The IQon technology works on the FDA-cleared iCT 256-slice scanner. The iCT provides low dose, low energy and low noise capabilities. It has a very fast gantry speed of about 0.27 ms. It uses both a 3-D grid collimator to reduce scatter, and the dynamic Eclipse collimator, which adjusts during scans to limit radiation exposure on the fringe of the imaging area. The system uses IMR low-contrast resolution software, to help simultaneously achieve 60–80 percent lower dose, 43–80 percent improved low-contrast detectability, and 70–83 percent lower noise. It also uses the iDose? Premium iterative reconstruction software to improve low-dose image quality and metal artifact prevention. Toshiba Medical SystemsToshiba’s Aquilion One Vision 640-slice CT system was released at RSNA 2013, the highest slice CT scanner available on the market. It has a bore size of 78 cm, a gantry speed of 0.27 ms and a detector resolution down to 0.5 mm. It uses Toshiba’s latest AIDR 3-D iterative reconstruction software to help reduce dose by enhancing the low-dose scans.Field Upgradable ScannersUntil recently, hospitals had to decide how many slices they wanted when selecting a CT scanner, ranging from 16-620 slices. Today, several vendors offer upgradeable systems to enhance slice capabilities. The most recent of these is Siemens’ Somatom Perspective 16- and 32-slice versions, which can be upgraded at the hospital where it is installed to 64- or 128-slices. Toshiba also introduced a new Aquilion One platform that allows its scanners to be upgraded in the field. Videos | CT Angiography (CTA) | August 07, 2019 VIDEO: Walk Around of a GE Cardiographe Dedicated Cardiac CT Scanner This is a quick walk around of the GE Healthcare Cardiographe dedicated cardiac CT system on display at the… read more The CT scanner might not come with protocols that are adequate for each hospital situation, so at Phoenix Children’s Hospital they designed their own protocols, said Dianna Bardo, M.D., director of body MR and co-director of the 3D Innovation Lab at Phoenix Children’s. News | Artificial Intelligence | August 05, 2019 Montefiore Nyack Hospital Uses Aidoc AI to Spot Urgent Conditions Faster Montefiore Nyack Hospital, an acute care hospital in Rockland County, N.Y., announced it is utilizing artificial… read more Related ITN Content for CT System InnovationsAccess the most current version of the ITN CT Systems Comparison Chart (www.itnonline.com/content/computed-tomography-systems). This will require a login, but it is free and only takes a minute to complete the form.What to Consider When Buying a New CT ScannerVIDEO: What to Consider When Comparing 64-slice to Higher Slice CT SystemsRSNA Technology Report 2015: Computed TomographyTechnology Improvements in Current Generation CT SystemsVIDEO: The Future of Cardiac CT in the Next DecadeDiscussion on CT Dose ReductionKey Cardiac CT News and Trends From SCCT 2016 FacebookTwitterLinkedInPrint分享 News | CT Angiography (CTA) | August 06, 2019 Artificial Intelligence Improves Heart Attack Risk Assessment When used with a common heart scan, machine learning, a type of artificial intelligence (AI), does better than… read more Video Player is loading.Cynthia McCollough explains new advances in CT technologyPlay VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 13:56Loaded: 1.17%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -13:56 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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Video Player is loading.Arthur Agatston explains the history of CT calcium scoring Play VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 9:54Loaded: 1.67%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -9:54 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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Related Content Siemens Go.Top CT scanner at SCCT19Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 1:05Loaded: 15.14%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -1:05 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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Videos | CT Angiography (CTA) | August 07, 2019 VIDEO: Walk Around of a Siemens Go.Top Dedicated Cardiac Scanner This is a quick walk around of the new Siemens Somatom Go.top cardiovascular edition compact computed tomography (CT) read more Video Player is loading.Pierre Qian explains radiotherapy to ablate VTPlay VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 7:34Loaded: 2.19%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -7:34 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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