Method found for pulling hydrogen from ammonia for use as clean fuel

Method found for pulling hydrogen from ammonia for use as clean fuel

first_img Carbon-carbon bond formation at selective aliphatic carbon sites This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (Phys.org)—A trio of researchers with Princeton University has found a way to weaken the strong bonds between the nitrogen and hydrogen atoms in ammonia molecules while simultaneously releasing a single hydrogen atom to create hydrogen gas. In their paper published in the journal Science, Máté Bezdek, Sheng Guo and Paul Chirik describe the process and the likelihood of using it as a new hydrogen source. Jessica Hoover with West Virginia University offers a Perspective piece on the work done by the team in the same journal issue and also outlines the impact the findings are likely to have on hydrogen energy storage and utilization. Ammonia has long been used on a large scale to produce both fertilizers and feedstock, and on a smaller scale as a household cleaner, but scientists would also like to use it as a type of fuel, because doing so would offer a new way to create hydrogen gas for use as a clean energy source. But to date, efforts to do so have been stymied by the strong bond that exists between the nitrogen and hydrogen atoms in ammonia molecules. In this new effort, the researchers report that they have found an efficient means for doing so that not only weakens the bond, but also causes the release of one of the hydrogen atoms making it available to bond with another to create hydrogen gas.The new process involves using an ammonia-bound terpyridine bis(phosphine) molybdenum(I) cation, because as Hoover notes, it is both electron rich and positively charged. In so doing, the nitrogen–hydrogen bond is cleaved homolytically, resulting in a lone hydrogen atom and an M–N bond. The newly freed hydrogen atom is then able to bond with another to form hydrogen gas, which can then be collected, stored and eventually burned to provide energy for a variety of engines.The work by the team, Hoover also notes, is likely to have an impact both on energy systems (the process is much more efficient than other methods such as deprotonation or oxidative addition) and on other work that involves synthesizing ammonia, perhaps leading to even more efficient processes. Citation: Method found for pulling hydrogen from ammonia for use as clean fuel (2016, November 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-11-method-hydrogen-ammonia-fuel.html © 2016 Phys.orgcenter_img Comparison of classical coordination compounds of ammonia and nonclassical compounds that enable bond weakening by coordination, which in turn enables hydrogen evolution. Credit: (c) Science  11 Nov 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6313, pp. 730-733, DOI: 10.1126/science.aag0246 More information: Coordination-induced weakening of ammonia, water, and hydrazine X–H bonds in a molybdenum complex, Science  11 Nov 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6313, pp. 730-733, DOI: 10.1126/science.aag0246 , https://sp2.img.hsyaolu.com.cn/wp-shlf1314/2020/IMG9934.jpg” alt=”last_img” />

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